Polarizing Microscopes with a gout kit are used by medical professionals to diagnose gout or pseudo-gout by taking synovial fluid from the infected joint during the process of arthrocentesis and for the diagnosis of arthritis. A lab technician prepares a wet smear on a slide and uses polarized microscopy to determine the presence of sodium urate crystals (gout) or calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate or CPPD (pseudo-gout) within the fluid extracted from the infected joint.
If a polarizing microscope is not available, a tentative diagnosis can be made if needle-shaped monosodium urate crystals are identified using ordinary light microscopy. CPPD crystals are small rods, squares, or rhomboids and are usually harder to identify with light microscopy.
The two main components that comprise the polarization elements that are used in the identification of gout and pseudo-gout crystals are the analyzer and the full-wave plate which is located within the intermediate tube and the polarizer is integrated above the transmitted light.
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